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Inicio » Actividades I+D > Publicaciones 2002 > Density functional theory in the canonic...
artículo con referato
"Density functional theory in the canonical ensemble: I. General formalism"
J.A. Hernando
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14(3) (2002) 303-317
Density functional theory stems from the Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham-Mermin (HKSM) theorem in the grand canonical ensemble. However, as recent work shows, although its extension to the canonical ensemble (CE) is not straightforward, work in nanopore systems could certainly benefit from a mesoscopic DFT in the CE. The stumbling block is the fixed N constraint which is responsible for the failure in proving the interchangeability of density profiles and external potentials as independent variables. Here we prove that, if in the CE the correlation functions are stripped of their asymptotic behaviour (which is not in the form of a properly irreducible n-body function), the HKSM theorem can be extended to the CE. In proving that, we generate new hierarchies of N-modified distribution and correlation functions with the same formal structure that the more conventional ones have (but with the proper irreducible n-body behaviour) and show that, if they are employed, either a modified external field or the density profiles can indistinctly be used as independent variables. We also write down the N-modified free energy functional and prove that the thermodynamic potential is minimized by the equilibrium values of the new hierarchy, completing in this way the extension of the HKSM theorem to the CE.
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