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artículo con referato
"Trace Elements Content in Size Classified Volcanic Ashes as Determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry"
P. Smichowski, D. Gómez, S. Rosa and G.I. Polla
Microchem. J. 75(2) (2003) 109-117
At present there is an increasing concern as regards the release of potentially toxic metals into the environment. Volcanic eruptions are a natural source of metals and metalloids in the atmosphere. Toxic trace elements ejected during an eruptive episode may produce hazardous effects for people and the environment in areas close to the volcano. In this context, a study was undertaken to investigate the concentration of metal and metalloids in ashes ejected from Copahue volcano, Neuquén, Argentina. Two samples (A and B) of deposited particles were collected one day after the first eruption and size-fractionated in four sub-samples (S1, S2, S3, S4). Analysis was performed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and the accuracy for the entire analytical procedure was performed by means of the certified reference material CRM GBW 07105 Rocks (NRCCRM, China). The elements considered were: As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, U, V and Zn. The adverse effect of potentially interfering species on the mass-spectrometric determination of these elements was also taken into account. The concentration intervals found in the four fractions are as follows (in µg g-1): As, 6.0-2.6; Cd, 0.71-0.36; Cr, 29.5-54.0; Cu, 132-49.0; Hg, 0.020-0.007; Ni, 36.0-26.0; Pb, 15.5-2.55; Sb, 1.07-0.30; U, 2.57-1.94; V, 152-106; Zn, 85.5-55.0. The elements with the highest concentrations were: Cu, V and Zn. All fractions, in both samples, were found to be enriched in some toxic trace elements in the following order Sb > Cd > As. On the contrary, samples were depleted in Ni, Cr and Hg. Lead was the element that exhibits a noticeable difference in concentration between the finer and coarser fractions.
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