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artículo con referato
"An exact formalism to study the thermodynamic properties of hard-sphere systems under spherical confinement"
I. Urrutia and G. Castelletti
J. Chem. Phys. 136(22) (2012) 224509/1-6
This paper presents a modified grand canonical ensemble which provides a new simple and efficient scheme to study few-body fluid-like inhomogeneous systems under confinement. The new formalism is implemented to investigate the exact thermodynamic properties of a hard sphere (HS) fluid-like system with up to three particles confined in a spherical cavity. In addition, the partition function of this system was used to analyze the surface thermodynamic properties of the many-HS system and to derive the exact curvature dependence of both the surface tension and adsorption in powers of the density. The expressions for the surface tension and the adsorption were also obtained for the many-HS system outside of a fixed hard spherical object. We used these results to derive the dependence of the fluid-substrate Tolman length up to first order in density.
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