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artículo con referato
"Quantum Gibbs distribution from dynamical thermalization in classical nonlinear lattices"
Leonardo Ermann and Dima L. Shepelyansky
New J. Phys. 15 (2013) 123004/1-16
We study numerically time evolution in classical lattices with weak or moderate nonlinearity which leads to interactions between linear modes. Our results show that in a certain strength range a moderate nonlinearity generates a dynamical thermalization process which drives the system to the quantum Gibbs distribution of probabilities, or average oscillation amplitudes. The effective dynamical temperature of the lattice varies from large positive to large negative values depending on the energy of the initially excited modes. This quantum Gibbs distribution is drastically different from the usually expected energy equipartition over linear modes corresponding to a regime of classical thermalization. Possible experimental observations of this dynamical thermalization are discussed for cold atoms in optical lattices, nonlinear photonic lattices and optical fiber arrays.
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