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Inicio » Actividades I+D > Publicaciones 2016 > Hydrogen-bonding synthons in lamotrigine...
artículo con referato
"Hydrogen-bonding synthons in lamotrigine salts: 3,5-di­amino-6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazin-2-ium 2-[(2-carboxyphenyl)disulfanyl]benzoate in its monohydrate and anhydrous forms"
Eleonora Freire, Griselda Polla and Ricardo Baggio
Acta Cryst. C 72(11) (2016) 910-916
Lamotrigine is a drug used in the treatment of epilepsy and related convulsive diseases. The drug in its free form is rather inadequate for pharmacological use due to poor absorption by the patient, which limits its bioavailability. On the other hand, the lamotrigine mol­ecule is an excellent hydrogen-bonding agent and this has been exploited intensively in the search for better formulations. The formulation presently commercialized (under the brand name Lamictal) is rather complex and includes a number of anions in addition to the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). The title salts of lamotrigine, namely 3,5-diamino-6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazin-2-ium 2-[(2-carboxyphenyl)disulfanyl]benzoate monohydrate, C9H8Cl2N5+·C14H9O4S2-·H2O, (I), and the anhydrate, C9H8Cl2N5+·C14H9O4S2-, (II), contain a lamotriginium cation (L), a hydrogen dithio­dibenzoate monoanion (D) and, in the case of (I), a disordered solvent water molecule. Both L and D present their usual configurations severely twisted around their central C–C and S–S bonds, respectively. The supramolecular structure generated by the many available donor and acceptor sites is characterized by a planar anti­symmetric motif of the form D-L-L-D, i.e. the structural building block. Although this characteristic motif is extremely similar in both structures, its conformation involves different donors and acceptors in its R22(8) central L-L homosynthon. The lateral R22(8) D-L heterosynthons are, on the other hand, identical. These substructures are further connected by strong hydrogen bonds into broad two-dimensional structures, in turn weakly linked to each other. Even if the homo- and heterosynthons in (I) and (II) are rather frequent in lamotrigine structural chemistry, the composite tetrameric synthon appears to be much less common. The occurrence of these motifs among lamotrigine salts and cocrystals is analyzed.
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