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artículo con referato
"Kolmogorov Turbulence Defeated by Anderson Localization for a Bose-Einstein Condensate in a Sinai-Oscillator Trap"
Leonardo Ermann, Eduardo Vergini and Dima L. Shepelyansky
Phys. Rev. Lett. 119(5) (2017) 054103/1-5
We study the dynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate in a Sinai-oscillator trap under a monochromatic driving force. Such a trap is formed by a harmonic potential and a repulsive disk located in the center vicinity corresponding to the first experiments of condensate formation by Ketterle and co-workers in 1995. We allow that the external driving allows us to model the regime of weak wave turbulence with the Kolmogorov energy flow from low to high energies. We show that in a certain regime of weak driving and weak nonlinearity such a turbulent energy flow is defeated by the Anderson localization that leads to localization of energy on low energy modes. This is in a drastic contrast to the random phase approximation leading to energy flow to high modes. A critical threshold is determined above which the turbulent flow to high energies becomes possible. We argue that this phenomenon can be studied with ultracold atoms in magneto-optical traps.
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